Patagonia is located in Southern Chile, where the American continent ends. It begins in Puerto Montt and goes all the way down to Punta Arenas, continuing to the East in the Magellan's Strip, the Beagle Channel and Tierra del Fuego to the South, reaching the Chilean Antarctica Territory.
The region is about 1.382.033 kmē, but onlyo 132.033 of them belong to continental Chile. The rest belongs to the Antarctica Territory, with over 1.250.000 kmē, a place almost as big as Chile itself. According to the National Institute of Statistics, the last census conducted in the region shows that in Patagonia live almost 152 thousand people.
In Southern Patagonia, in Magallanes, the country connects to the Atlantic thanks to the Strip that names the region, Magellan. Here, the scenery changes considerably, filling out with fiords and canals, forming towns surrounded by water, where strong winds shape hills and mountains.
In all of Magallanes there are glaciers and snowdrifts, formed by the movement of these formations, which began over a million years ago. The glaciers, in their majority, go back and lose part of their surfaces due to the temperature of the water around them, a phenomenon caused by global warming. The glaciers and the strong winds shaped the landscapes, and today they are settled all along the Andes in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.
The Andes in this area also changes completely. It exists only until parallel 52°, where you can find the Smith Channel, and reappears in the Brunswick Peninsula, where it disappears again under water, to see light once again in Tierra del Fuego, where it is known as Cordillera Darwin.
The highest mountains in this area are the Murallon Volcanoe, with 3800 meters of altitude, the highest of the region; the Lautaro volcanoe (3380 mts), Darwin Mount (2328 mts) and Sarmiento Mount (2234 mts). World-wide known Torres del Paine are also found in this part of the country, and they are 3.050 meters high.
Besides the mentiones mounts and volcanos, in Patagonia you can find the Patagonia Icefields, North and South, which are the biggest water reserve of the planet. They are about 300 kms to the South of the Baker, and create unique scenery surrounded by lakes, rivers, fiords, snowdrifts and mountains, all covered in snow.
Further south, the land continues in a dismembered way, giving shape to islands and archipelagos, which create a zig-zag road to get to any part of Southern Chile. Most of the archipelagos are part of National Parks, and many of them are not inhabited, except by animals that look for shelter and food on them.